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Table 3 7-Item total, eSAGE, SAGE, MMSE, and MoCA scores, and their effect sizes

From: Digitally translated Self-Administered Gerocognitive Examination (eSAGE): relationship with its validated paper version, neuropsychological evaluations, and clinical assessments

  Normal (n = 21) MCI (n = 24) Dementia (n = 21) Common SD estimate Effect size d* (normal vs MCI) Effect size d* (normal vs dementia)
7-Item total 341.4 ± 32.1 (285–403) 280.0 ± 32.1 (223–347) 241.2 ± 33.8 (174–322) 32.70 1.88 3.06
eSAGE (max 22) 18.4 ± 2.1 (15–22) 15.1 ± 3.7 (9–22) 9.1 ± 3.7 (2–17) 3.29 1.00 2.82
SAGE (max 22) 18.9 ± 2.4 (13–22) 16.5 ± 3.3 (11–22) 10.9 ± 3.6 (4–18) 3.17 0.73 2.51
MMSE (max 30) 28.7 ± 1.3 (26–30) 27.3 ± 2.2 (20–30) 24.6 ± 2.2 (21–29) 1.97 0.74 2.10
MoCA (max 30) 24.3 ± 2.9 (19–29) 21.3 ± 2.3 (16–25) 16.3 ± 3.9 (8–23) 3.07 0.99 2.62
  1. Values are shown as mean ± SD (range)
  2. *Cohen’s effect size d, defined as the standardized difference between two means, is considered large when d ≥0.8. Effect size for comparing normals with cognitively impaired subjects is the average of the last two columns and it is the difference between them for the comparison between MCI and dementia subjects
  3. eSAGE electronic Self-Administered Gerocognitive Examination, max maximum score, MCI Mild Cognitive Impairment, MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, MoCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment, SAGE Self-Administered Gerocognitive Examination