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Table 5 Risk of bias assessment of the included studies

From: The effects of exercise programs on cognition, activities of daily living, and neuropsychiatric symptoms in community-dwelling people with dementia—a systematic review

Study Domain 1: Risk of bias arising from the randomization process Domain 2: Risk of bias due to deviations from the intended intervention Domain 3: Risk of bias due to missing outcome data Domain 4: Risk of bias in measurement of the outcome Domain 5: Risk of bias in selection of the reported result Overall risk of bias
De Oliveira et al. [26] Low concerns High concerns High concerns High concerns Some concerns High concerns
Hoffman et al. [37] Some concerns Some concerns Low concerns Low concerns Low concerns Some concerns
Karssemeijer et al. [39] Low concerns Some concerns Low concerns Low concerns Low concerns Some concerns
Lamb et al. [42] Low concerns Some concerns Low concerns Low concerns Low concerns Some concerns
Öhman et al. [43, 44] Low concerns Some concerns Low concerns High concerns High concerns High concerns
Park et al. [38] Some concerns Some concerns High concerns High concerns Some concerns High concerns
Yu et al. [40] Low concerns Low concerns High concerns Low concerns High concerns High concerns