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Table 3 Included studies evaluating the effect of exercise programs on ADLs

From: The effects of exercise programs on cognition, activities of daily living, and neuropsychiatric symptoms in community-dwelling people with dementia—a systematic review

Study Type of training Trial duration [weeks Frequency [sessions/week] Intensity Session duration [min] Setting Adherence Adherence Outcome Baseline (mean ± SD) Outcome follow-up (mean ± SD) P-value Conclusion
IG CG IG CG
Hoffmann et al. [37] Aerobic training 16 3 70–80% HRmax 60 Supervised groups of 2–5 76% ADCS-ADL 64.8 ± 8.8 62.4 ± 10.8 64.4 ± 9.4 62.7 ± 10.4 .868 No effect
Lamb et al. [42] Multimodal training 16 2 (+ 1)a Moderate to hard 60–90 Supervised groups of 6–8 and unsupervised home-based 65.63% BADLS 10 11 14.6 ± 9.5 14.6 ± 10.4 .15 No effect
  1. ADCS-ADL Alzheimer’s Disease Cooperative Study ADL Scale, BADLS Bristol ADLs Scale, CG Control group, HRmax Maximal heart rate, IG Intervention group, NI No information
  2. a Group-based training was offered 2 times per week, but participants were encouraged to perform one session at home