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Table 3 Effect of exercise under exposure to the 40-Hz light flickering on Akt/Tau in the hippocampus

From: Physical exercise during exposure to 40-Hz light flicker improves cognitive functions in the 3xTg mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease

Group p-Akt/Akt ratio P-GSK3β/GSK3β ratio p-Tau/tau ratio
CON 1.00 ± 0.07 1.00 ± 0.13 1.00 ± 0.03
AD 0.57 ± 0.05* 0.48 ± 0.05* 2.15 ± 0.11*
AD+40 0.80 ± 0.15*# 0.75 ± 0.04*# 1.88 ± 0.09*#
AD+EX 0.84 ± 0.04*# 0.77 ± 0.05*# 1.70 ± 0.10*#
AD+40+EX 1.24 ± 0.04*#+ 1.16 ± 0.07*#+ 1.06 ± 0.04*#+
  1. *P < .05 compared to the CON group, #P < .05 compared to the AD group, +P < .05 compared to the AD+40 and AD+EX