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Table 6 Standardized coefficients for covariates in the adjusted structural latent growth model

From: Prospective associations between pulse pressure and cognitive performance in Chinese middle-aged and older population across a 5-year study period

Covariates PP Cognitive score
Initial status Slope Initial status Slope
Age 0.38a 0.03 − 0.11a − 0.23a
Sex 0.04a − 0.06 − 0.11a 0.17a
BMI 0.05a 0.02 − 0.11a 0.03a
Education level − 0.09a 0.02 0.60a 0.27a
Marital status 0.07a − 0.05 − 0.02a − 0.05
Smoking − 0.03a 0.05 0.02 0.03
Alcohol use − 0.01a − 0.04 0.01 − 0.10
Hukou status 0.00 − 0.02 0.08a 0.03
Living status before age 16 0.00 − 0.04 0.05a − 0.05
Health status before age 16 0.01 − 0.05 − 0.05a 0.15a
Hypertension − 0.31a 0.06 − 0.00 − 0.08
Diabetes or high blood sugar 0.01 − 0.06 − 0.03a − 0.03a
Psychiatric problems 0.03a 0.01 0.03a − 0.07
Memory-related disease 0.03a − 0.02 0.01 0.09
Stroke 0.03a − 0.11a − 0.00 0.04
Glucose 0.07a 0.05 0.07a 0.05
Glycosylated hemoglobin − 0.03 − 0.01 − 0.03 − 0.01
Total cholesterol 0.05a − 0.01 0.05a − 0.01
  1. BMI Body mass index, PP Pulse pressure, Hukou is the registration system in China created in 1955 to restrict internal population movement, especially rural-to-urban migration, divided Chinese into two categories: agricultural hukou (rural hukou) and non‐agricultural hukou (urban hukou)
  2. aStatistical significance