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Table 3 Use of neuroleptic and sedative medication

From: Structured physical exercise improves neuropsychiatric symptoms in acute dementia care: a hospital-based RCT

  Intervention group Control group     
Medication n Mean SD Min Max n Mean SD Min Max z p d 1 – β
OED T0 (mg) 30 2.51 2.48 0.27 12.69 32 2.27 2.07 0.16 8.85 –0.59 0.55 –0.15 0.09
OED INT (mg) 32 2.84 3.00 0.06 12.69 30 2.66 2.05 0.09 6.87 –0.31 0.76 –0.08 0.06
OED T1 (mg) 31 2.77 3.28 0.27 12.7 29 3.05 2.06 0.21 6.69 –1.69 0.09 –0.45 0.39
DED T0 (mg) 9 3.62 1.38 1.67 5.83 11 3.65 3.72 0.11 12.5 –0.80 0.42 –0.36 0.12
DED INT (mg) 14 2.76 2.72 0.18 8.75 13 1.80 1.77 0.18 5.8 –0.76 0.45 –0.30 0.46
DED T1 (mg) 8 5.99 5.22 0.83 16.67 4 1.64 0.85 0.83 2.81 –1.45 0.15 –0.92 0.55
  1. OED olanzapine equivalent dosage, DED diazepam equivalent dosage, T0 baseline, INT intervention period, T1 follow-up, SD standard deviation, Min minimum, Max maximum, z Mann–Whitney U test z-score (samples not normally distributed), p statistical significance, d effect size (Cohen’s d), 1 – β test power