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Fig. 8 | Alzheimer's Research & Therapy

Fig. 8

From: Evaluation of a DNA Aβ42 vaccine in adult rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta): antibody kinetics and immune profile after intradermal immunization with full-length DNA Aβ42 trimer

Fig. 8

Interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-17, and IL-4 Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSpot assays for amyloid-β peptide 1–42 (Aβ42) peptide restimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cell cultures of DNA Aβ42-immunized rhesus monkeys. The first column shows the number of IFN-γ-, IL-17-, and IL-4-secreting cells after three immunization time points (48 h in cell culture, medium controls, and Aβ42 peptide restimulation). The second column provides results from the same analyses after the sixth immunization time point. Individual rhesus monkeys are indicated with numbers on the x-axis of all graphs. The y-axis of all graphs shows the number of cytokine-secreting cells (spots) per 106 cells. Increased numbers for all three cytokines were found in the immunized animals as well as in the nontreated control animals. Therefore, the cytokine secretion was considered as nonspecific and not due to the DNA Aβ42 immunization. a IL-17-secreting cells. b IFN-γ-secreting cells. c The number of IL-4-secreting cells per 106 splenocytes. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.005, *** p  < 0.001, and **** p < 0.0001

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