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Table 4 Demographic and clinical characteristics at baseline

From: Structured relearning of activities of daily living in dementia: the randomized controlled REDALI-DEM trial on errorless learning

  Errorless learning Trial and error learning
Completers week 16 (n = 69) Dropouts week 16 (n = 12) Total (n = 81) Completers week 16 (n = 71) Dropouts week 16 (n = 9) Total (n = 80)
Patient—demographic characteristics
 Age (years) 76.7 (8.0) 79.3 (6.1) 77.1 (7.8) 76.2 (6.5) 75.2 (9.4) 76.1 (6.8)
 Sex (female) 40 (58) 6 (50) 46 (57) 40 (56) 6 (67) 46 (58)
 School
  No school graduation 2 (2.9) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.5) 1 (1.4) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.3)
  Middle school graduation (9 or 10 years) 60 (87.0) 11 (91.7) 71 (87.7) 52 (73.2) 7 (77.8) 59 (73.8)
  High school graduation (12 or 13 years) 7 (10.1) 1 (8.3) 8 (9.9) 18 (25.4) 2 (22.2) 20 (25.0)
 Vocational education       
  Not completed 17 (24.6) 2 (16.7) 19 (23.5) 12 (16.9) 3 (33.3) 15 (18.8)
  Completed 52 (75.4) 10 (83.3) 62 (76.5) 59 (83.1) 6 (66.7) 65 (81.3)
Patient—clinical characteristics
  TMT number of missing data 2 2 3 3
  TMT number of not completed (>240 sec) 19 2 21 12 1 13
  TMT number of completed (≤240 sec) 48 10 58 56 8 64
  TMT completed (sec) 92.6 (40.9) 122.6 (61.6) 97.8 (45.9) 106.0 (50.8) 106.8 (45.3) 106.1 (49.8)
  MMSE 19.8 (3.3) 19.1 (3.0) 19.7 (3.2) 19.7 (3.3) 20.3 (3.6) 19.8 (3.3)
  Reisberg Clinical Dementia Rating 4.3 (0.6) 4.3 (0.5) 4.3 (0.7) 4.3 (0.7) 4.3 (0.7) 4.3 (0.7)
  GDS 2.7 (1.7) 2.8 (1.9) 2.7 (1.9) 2.8 (2.2) 2.6 (2.1) 2.8 (2.2)
  Years since dementia onset 2.2 (2.3) 1.8 (1.3) 2.1 (2.1) 1.5 (1.5) 3.3 (4.3) 1.7 (2.1)
  Number of patients without additional diagnosis 27 (39.1) 4 (33.3) 31 (38.3) 30 (42.3) 4 (44.4) 34 (42.5)
  Number of patients with 1–3 additional diagnoses 33 (47.8) 6 (50.0) 39 (48.1) 33 (46.5 4 (44.4) 37 46.3)
  Number of patients with ≥4 additional diagnoses 9 (13.0) 2 (16.7) 11 (13.6) 8 (11.3) 1 (11.1) 9 (11.3)
Primary caregiver
 Age (years) 62.3 (13.5) 65.4 (12.9) 62.7 (13.4) 62.9 (13.8) 60.2 (12.5) 62.6 (13.6)
 Sex (female) 25 (36.2) 4 (33.3) 29 (35.8) 26 (36.6) 3 (33.3) 29 (36.3)
 Relation
  Spouse 35 (50.7) 7 (58.3) 42 (51.9) 41 (57.7) 4 (44.4) 45 (56.3)
  (Grand) Child 30 (43.5) 4 (33.3) 34 (42.0) 27 (38.0) 5 (55.6) 32 (40.0)
  Others 4 (5.8) 1 (8.3) 5 (6.2) 3 (4.2) 0 (0.0) 3 (3.8)
  Living together 47 (68.1) 9 (75.0) 56 (69.1) 47 (66.2) 5 (55.6) 52 (65.0)
  Caring for the patient (months) 26.4 (26.8) 33.1 (34.9) 27.4 (28.0) 21.9 (18.7) 33.4 (37.2) 23.2 (21.5)
  1. Data presented as mean (standard deviation) or number (percentage)
  2. TMT Trial Making Test, MMSE Mini Mental State Examination, GDS Geriatric Depressions Scale