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Table 6 Frequency of different neuropsychiatric comorbidities in patients with dementia with Lewy bodies ( n = 634) versus Alzheimer’s disease patients ( n = 9,161) within different subgroups regarding gender, cognitive level at the time of diagnosis and living place using the chapters of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision

From: Comorbidity profile in dementia with Lewy bodies versus Alzheimer’s disease: a linkage study between the Swedish Dementia Registry and the Swedish National Patient Registry

Title Gender DLB (%) AD (%) Pvalue Cognition DLB (%) AD (%) Pvalue Living place DLB (%) AD (%) Pvalue
Depression Male 6.3 3.8 0.020 MMSE≥22 6.3 5.2 0.350 Own house 7.0 4.5 0.006
Female 8.7 4.8 0.005 MMSE≤22 7.4 3.5 0.001 Nursing home 9.3 3.9 0.068
Anxiety Male 3.4 1.8 0.031 MMSE≥22 3.3 2.7 0.464 Own house 3.2 2.6 0.372
Female 3.2 3.0 0.901 MMSE≤22 3.3 2.7 0.528 Nursing home 4.0 2.8 0.469
Behavioral disorders Male 3.4 2.6 0.381 MMSE≥22 2.4 1.9 0.471 Own house 2.9 1.8 0.079
Female 3.2 1.6 0.071 MMSE≤22 3.7 2.0 0.062 Nursing home 6.7 4.1 0.362
Bipolar affective disorders Male 0.5 0.5 0.702 MMSE≥22 0.6 0.5 0.689 Own house 0.9 0.4 0.185
Female 1.2 0.5 0.129 MMSE≤22 1.1 0.4 0.105 Nursing home 0 1.0 1
Sleep disorders Male 3.9 2.5 0.094 MMSE≥22 2.7 2.0 0.339 Own house 2.7 1.6 0.040
Female 0.8 1.1 1 MMSE≤22 2.2 1.1 0.124 Nursing home 2.7 1.4 0.325
Syncope Male 7.1 6.7 0.789 MMSE≥22 6.9 7.4 0.782 Own house 7.5 7.2 0.740
Female 7.5 7.4 0.950 MMSE≤22 7.8 6.9 0.579 Nursing home 5.3 7.7 0.471
Stroke Male 8.7 6.0 0.043 MMSE≥22 6.9 5.3 0.193 Own house 8.4 5.1 0.001
Female 7.9 4.8 0.025 MMSE≤22 9.3 5.0 0.002 Nursing home 8.0 7.1 0.772
Cerebral hemorrhage Male 1.8 1.6 0.732 MMSE≥22 1.2 1.2 0.547 Own house 1.8 1.4 0.410
Female 1.2 1.3 1 MMSE≤22 1.9 1.7 0.807 Nursing home 0 1.8 0.613
Epilepsy Male 1.6 1.5 0.958 MMSE≥22 1.2 1.3 1 Own house 1.8 1.3 0.287
Female 2.0 1.2 0.242 MMSE≤22 2.2 1.2 0.165 Nursing home 1.3 2.4 1
Migraine Male 0.5 0.2 0.249 MMSE≥22 0.9 0.4 0.165 Own house 0.7 0.3 0.138
Female 1.6 0.4 0.580 MMSE≤22 1.1 0.2 0.034 Nursing home 2.7 0.2 0.045
  1. Univariate comparisons were performed using either the chi-square or Fisher’s exact test wherever appropriate. Statistically significant differences (P≤0.05) in bold. AD, Alzheimer’s disease; DLB, dementia with Lewy bodies; MMSE, Mini-Mental State Examination.