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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: The efficacy of exergaming in people with major neurocognitive disorder residing in long-term care facilities: a pilot randomized controlled trial

Variables Sub-category Exergame group (n = 23) Music group (n = 22) pa
Age in years, mean (SD)   84.7 (5.6) 85.3 (6.5) 0.224
Gender, n (%) Male 5 (21.7) 5 (22.7) > 0.999
  Female 18 (78.3) 17 (77.3) > 0.999
MMSE, mean (SD)b   18 (4.4) 17 (4.2) 0.102
Diagnosis, n (%) Alzheimer’s disease 17 (73.9) 14 (63.6) 0.530
  Vascular dementia 2 (8.7) 4 (18.2) 0.414
  Mixed Alzheimer’s and vascular dementia 2 (8.7) 3 (13.6) 0.665
  Frontotemporal Degeneration 0 (0) 1 (4.5) 0.489
  Lewy body disease 0 (0) 0 (0) > 0.999
  Neurocognitive disorder not otherwise specified 2 (8.7) 0 (0) 0.489
Somatic comorbidities, n (%) Diabetes type II 2 (8.7) 5 (22.7) 0.243
  Heart disease 8 (34.8) 11 (50.0) 0.375
  Hypertension 4 (17.4) 0 (0) 0.109
  Gait disorders 12 (52.2) 14 (63.6) 0.550
  Visual deficiencies (cataract, glaucoma) 3 (13.0) 0 (0) 0.233
Indoor mobility, n (%) Wheelchair 2 (8.7) 0 (0) 0.49
  4-wheeled walker 3 (13.0) 4 (18.2) 0.70
  Single-point walking cane 0 (0) 2 (9.1) 0.23
  No walking aid 18 (78.3) 16 (72.7) 0.74
Attendance rates (%)   82.9 73.7 0.07
  1. ap values of group comparisons refer to Mann-Whitney U tests for continuous variables and Fisher’s exact tests for categorical variables
  2. bScores on the MMSE range from 0 (severe impairment) to 30 (no impairment)
  3. MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination