Skip to main content

Table 3 Independent influence of each risk factor on dementia incidence across 8 years, based on competing risk multivariable model

From: Estimating the potential for dementia prevention through modifiable risk factors elimination in the real-world setting: a population-based study

Risk factors Death (competing event) Dementia  
SHR (95% CI) P value SHR (95% CI) P value % PAF (95% CI)
APOE ε4 0.93 (0.57–1.51) 0.761 1.89 (1.22–2.92) 0.005  
Low education 1.18 (0.80–1.73) 0.803 1.42 (0.95–2.11) 0.087 18.5 (1.3–23.4)
Diabetes 1.24 (0.80–1.91) 0.043 1.56 (1.00–2.39) 0.043 9.9 (1.9–17.3)
Physical inactivity 1.22 (0.84–1.78) 0.297 1.33 (0.90–1.96) 0.152 13.3 (3.9–27.7)
Heart disease 1.26 (0.85–1.86) 0.849 1.56 (1.03–2.36) 0.037 13.6 (2.8–23.2)
Stroke 2.01 (1.16–3.47) 0.012 2.31 (1.35–3.95) 0.002 10 (5.8–14.0)
Delirium 1.50 (0.34–6.51) 0.590 8.70 (3.26–23.24) < 0.001 5.7 (5.0–6.5)
  1. SHR sub-hazard ratio, PAF population attributable fraction