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Table 3 Brain regions negatively correlated with the time on the Trail Making Test A (TMTA; significant at p < .05, FDR corrected) and positively correlated with raw scores on the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST; significant at p < .001 uncorrected) for the DLB group

From: Pay attention to the basal ganglia: a volumetric study in early dementia with Lewy bodies

Brain region R/L BA k x y z T
TMTA (N = 87)
 Cluster 1
  Caudate nucleus (head and body) L na 1033/1646 − 15 10.5 9 5.07*
  Putamen L na 121/1646 − 18 15 3 3.71
  Globus pallidus L na 18/1646 − 13.5 4.5 3 3.6
  Thalamus (ventral anterior nucleus) L na 21/1646 − 10 − 1.5 6 3.2
 Cluster 2
  Caudate nucleus (head and body) R na 1000/1484 12 0 13.5 4.44
  Putamen R na 114/1484 22.5 13.5 10.5 3.82
 Cluster 3
  Subthalamic nucleus L/R na 230 − 4.5 − 13.5 − 3 4.1
DSST (N = 81)
 Cerebellum L na 268 − 43.5 − 70.5 − 43.5 4.1
 Thalamus (ventral lateral nucleus) L na 201 − 15 − 16.5 10.5 3.77
 Inferior frontal gyrus R 44/45 105 55.5 18 19.5 3.59
  1. x, y, z MNI coordinates of the cluster peak; BA Brodmann area; k cluster extent; T t value for the cluster peak
  2. *Cluster peak significant at p < .05 FWE corrected