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Table 2 Participant characteristics (subgroup)

From: Olfactory function is associated with cognitive performance: results from the population-based LIFE-Adult-Study

  Female (n = 1044, 46.9%) Male (n = 1183, 53.1%) Total (n = 2227)
Age (years)
 18–29 83 (8.0%) 72 (6.1%) 155 (7.0%)
 30–39 58 (5.6%) 89 (7.5%) 147 (6.6%)
 40–49 67 (6.4%) 88 (7.4%) 155 (7.0%)
 50–59 28 (2.7%) 27 (2.3%) 55 (2.5%)
 60–69 411 (39.4%) 430 (36.3%) 841 (37.8%)
 70–79 397 (38.0%) 477 (40.3%) 874 (39.2%)
Smell test score* 10 (9–11) 10 (9–11) 10 (9–11)
Depressive symptoms 83 (8.0%) 40 (3.4%) 123 (5.5%)
University education 255 (24.4%) 470 (39.7%) 725 (32.6%)
CERAD word list learning* 24.0 (21.0–26.0) 22.0 (19.0–25.0) 23.0 (20.0–25.0)
 Max score 30    
 Higher values are better
 Cognitively impaired#
136 (13.0%) 106 (9.0%) 242 (10.9%)
CERAD word list recall* 9.0 (7.0–10.0) 8.0 (7.0–9.0) 8.0 (7.0–9.0)
 Max score 10    
 Higher values are better    
 Cognitively impaired# 76 (7.3%) 56 (4.7%) 132 (5.9%)
  1. *Median (IQR)
  2. #At least one standard deviation below age-, sex-, and education-specific norms from CERAD