Skip to main content

Table 2 Toronto Cognitive Assessment (TorCA) group profiles and normative data

From: Correction to: The Toronto cognitive assessment (TorCA): normative data and validation to detect amnestic mild cognitive impairment

Group profile Age group
50–89 years 50–59 years 60–69 years 70–79 years 80–89 years
N 302 75 77 75 75
Male/female 103/199 28/47 22/55 20/55 33/42
Years of education, median (range) 16 (8–20) 16 (12–20) 16 (11–20) 16 (9–20) 14 (8–20)
TorCA Sum Index, mean (standard deviation) 292.8 (18.4) 297.6 (18.6) 296.9 (16.7) 290.5 (16.6) 286.0 (19.4)
TorCA Sum Index, median 295 301 298 291 289
Normative Data Percentile range Rating 50–89 years 50–59 years 60–69 years 70–79 years 80–89 years
 Sum Index ≤ 5 Impaired < 261 < 266 < 272 < 262 < 257
6–24 Borderline 261–281 266–287 272–287 262–280 257–272
≥ 25 Normal limits > 281 > 287 > 287 > 280 > 272
 Orientation ≤ 5 Impaired < 10 < 10 < 10 < 10 < 10
6–24 Borderline 10 10 10 10 10
≥ 25 Normal limits > 10 > 10 > 10 > 10 > 10
 Immediate Memory Recall ≤ 5 Impaired < 15 < 17 < 16 < 15 < 14
  6–24 Borderline 15–18 17–20 16–18 15–17 14–16
  ≥ 25 Normal limits > 18 > 20 > 18 > 17 > 16
 Delayed Memory Recall ≤ 5 Impaired < 10 < 14 < 12 < 8 < 6
  6–24 Borderline 10–14 14–16 12–15 8–12 6–12
  ≥ 25 Normal limits > 14 > 16 > 15 > 12 > 12
 Delayed Memory Recognition ≤ 5 Impaired < 19 < 20 < 19 < 18 < 18
  6–24 Borderline 19 20 19 18–19 18
  ≥ 25 Normal limits > 19 21 > 19 > 19 > 18
 Visuospatial ≤ 5 Impaired < 25 < 27 < 25 < 24 < 24
6–24 Borderline 25–27 27–28 25–27 24–27 24–27
≥ 25 Normal limits > 27 > 28 > 27 > 27 > 27
 Working Memory/Attention/Executive Control ≤ 5 Impaired < 99 < 98 < 102 < 99 < 98
  6–24 Borderline 99–106 98–105 102–107 99–106 98–105
  ≥ 25 Normal limits > 106 > 105 > 107 > 106 > 105
 Language ≤ 5 Impaired < 71 < 63 < 74 < 74 < 66
6–24 Borderline 71–78 63–78 74–80 74–78 66–76
≥ 25 Normal limits > 78 > 78 > 80 > 78 > 76