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Table 4 Age group, education level, and cognitive performance between men and women

From: Patterns of cognitive function in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults—findings from the EMCOA study

  Men (n = 2247) Women (n = 2326) p value
Age group (years), n (%)    0.086
 50–54 550 (24.5%) 576 (24.8%)  
 55–59 693 (30.8%) 767 (33.0%)  
 60–64 671 (29.9%) 684 (29.4%)  
 65–70 293 (13.0%) 251 (10.8%)  
Education level, n (%)    < 0.001**
 Elementary school 218 (9.7%) 551 (23.7%)  
 Junior middle school 666 (29.6%) 818 (35.2%)  
 Senior middle school 678 (30.2%) 619 (26.6%)  
 college and above 650 (28.9%) 293 (12.6%)  
Global cognitive function, mean (IQR)
 MMSE 29 (28, 30) 26 (24, 28) < 0.001**
 MoCA 28 (27, 30) 25 (22, 27) < 0.001**
Domain-specific cognitive function, mean (IQR)
 Verbal memory −0.10 (−0.73, 0.64) 0.03 (−0.68, 0.73) 0.003*
 Attention/processing speed/executive function 0.29 (−0.38, 0.77) −0.03 (−0.83, 0.59) < 0.001**
 Cognitive flexibility −0.08 (−0.63, 0.39) 0.12 (−0.39, 0.67) < 0.001**
  1. Data shown as n (%) were compared between two groups using the chi-square test
  2. Data with skewed distribution shown as median (interquartile range (IQR)) were compared between two groups using the Mann Whitney U test
  3. MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, MoCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment
  4. P < 0.05; P < 0.001