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Table 1 Baseline participant characteristics by clinical status

From: Clinical dementia severity associated with ventricular size is differentially moderated by cognitive reserve in men and women

Characteristics AD MCI VCI FTD DLB Total
n 439 77 52 125 30 723
Age, years 71.7 (9.3) 70.3 (8.2) 71.1 (8.2) 66.9 (9.1) 73.2 (8.8) 70.8 (9.4)
Sex, F/M 233/206 47/30 20/32 64/61 10/20 374/349
MMSE 23.0 (4.8) 27.6 (1.9) 25.7 (3.9) 23.1 (6.0) 23.9 (4.4) 23.8 (4.9)
Ventricular sizea, cm3 43.4 (19.9) 31.4 (17.2) 45.6 (24.5) 42.5 (21.2) 42.7 (20.0) 42.1 (20.5)
WMHa, cm3 7.8 (11.1) 3.3 (4.8) 13.2 (17.5) 4.6 (6.8) 7.2 (11.6) 7.1 (10.8)
TIV, cm3 1213.6 (140.2) 1198.0 (121.8) 1225.1 (122.3) 1204.9 (121.1) 1269.5 (127.3) 1213.6 (133.7)
Dementia Rating Scale 117.8 (14.8) 133.5 (7.8) 126.4 (13.7) 115.7 (19.3) 118.7 (14.6) 119.9 (15.9)
NART-R 107.4 (9.9) 110.1 (9.1) 108.3 (10.3) 102.3 (11.0) 110.0 (10.4) 107.1 (10.3)
WAIS vocabulary 42.8 (14.1) 51.3 (9.8) 42.2 (12.5) 34.7 (18.2) 44.8 (13.3) 42.7 (14.5)
Education, years 13.8 (3.8) 14.0 (3.4) 13.7 (3.9) 14.1 (3.9) 13.9 (3.4) 13.9 (3.7)
  1. Abbreviations: AD Alzheimer’s disease, DLB Dementia with Lewy bodies, FTD Frontotemporal dementia, MCI Mild cognitive impairment, MMSE Mini Mental State Examination, NART-R National Adult Reading Test–Revised, TIV Total intracranial volume, VCI Vascular cognitive impairment, WAIS Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, WMH White matter hyperintensities
  2. aCorrected for total intracranial volume