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Table 3 Significant comparisons found as compared to holiday discussions (reference group)

From: The impact of group activities and their content on persons with dementia attending them

Variable Exercise Games Poetry Baking Choral Storytelling Brain games
'Engagement'   0.44; t1100 = 3.83***    0.35; t1098 = 3.18** −0.34; t1094 = −2.92**  
Active participation 0.30; t1099 = 2.94** 0.74; t1101 = 7.29***   0.23; t1099 = 2.17* 0.35; t1099 = 3.56*** −0.22; t1095 = −2.20*  
Attitude   0.38; t1113 = 3.96*** −0.27; t1109 = −2.82**   0.45; t1109 = 4.79*** −0.27; t1104 = −2.78**  
Positive mood   0.44; t1104 = 4.26*** −0.27; t1100 = −2.63** 0.30; t1101 = 2.81** 0.38; t1101 = 3.70***   0.25; t1101 = 2.46*
Asleep   −0.29; t1035 = −2.17**    −0.31; t1031 = −2.26*   
  1. Cells include effect size and related t statistic and p value
  2. *p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.01, ***p ≤ 0.001