Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Patient-related outcomes following structured relearning of individually daily living tasksa

From: Structured relearning of activities of daily living in dementia: the randomized controlled REDALI-DEM trial on errorless learning

    Baseline Week 11 Week 16 Week 26
Sample errorless Sample trial and error Errorless, Baseline trial and error, Errorless, Trial and error, Group ∆, Errorless, Trial and error, Group ∆, Errorless, Trial and error, Group ∆,
(N) (N) mean (SD) mean (SD) mean (SD) mean (SD) mean (95% CI) mean (SD) mean (SD) mean (95% CI) mean (SD) mean (SD) mean (95% CI)
Primary patient-related outcome
 Task performance rating video A (1 = worst, 7 = best) 69 71 3.0 (1.6) 3.5 (1.5) 4.3 (1.7) 4.2 (1.7) –0.1 (–0.6, 0.5) 4.4 (1.8) 4.1 (1.8) 0.3 (–0.3, 0.9) 3.8 (1.8) 4.0 (1.7) 0.3 (–0.5, 0.8)
 Task performance rating video B (1 = worst, 7 = best) 69 71 3.1 (1.6) 3.9 (1.7) 4.7 (1.6) 4.3 (1.6) –0.4 (–0.9, 0.1) 4.3 (1.8) 4.4 (1.6) –0.1 (–0.5, 0.7) 4.1 (2.0) 3.9 (1.9) –0.2 (–0.9, 0.5)
Secondary patient-related outcomes
 IDDD A initiative (0 = worst, 36 = best) 69 71 18.4 (6.6) 18.2 (5.8)     17.7 (7.0) 16.8 (7.2) –0.9 (–3.3, 1.5) 16.2 (7.5) 15.7 (7.4) –0.4 (–3.1, 2.0)
 IDDD B performance (44 = worst, 0 = best) 69 71 21.3 (6.0) 21.4 (7.2)     21.0 (8.6) 20.9 (9.0) 0.0 (–3.0, 2.9) 22.3 (10.2) 23.6 (10.1) 1.4 (–2.1, 4.8)
 Treatment satisfaction (5 = worst, 1 = best) 69 71    1.5 (0.6) 1.5 (0.5) 0.0 (–0.2, 0.2)     1.5 (0.9) 1.4 (0.7) –0.1 (–0.4, 0.2)
Control measures
 MMSE (0 = worst, 30 = best) 69 71 19.8 (3.3) 19.7 (3.3)     19.0 (4.8) 19.6 (4.2) 0.6 (–0.9, 2.1) 18.2 (5.2) 18.9 (5.1) 0.7 (–1.1, 2.4)
 Reisberg Clinical Dementia Rating (1 = worst, 7 = best) 69 71 4.3 (0.6) 4.3 (0.7)     4.4 (0.6) 4.4 (0.7) 0.1 (–0.2, 0.3) 4.4 (0.6) 4.4 (1.0) 0.0 (–0.3, 0.3)
 NPIQ (36 = worst, 0 = best) 69 71 7.2 (4.0) 7.5 (5.2)     7.9 (5.2) 8.1 (5.2) –0.1 (–1.7, 1.8) 8.0 (5.4) 8.6 (6.5) 0.6 (–1.5, 2.7)
  1. SD standard deviation, IDDD Interview for Deterioration in Daily Living Activities, MMSE Mini Mental State Examination, NPIQ Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire
  2. aIntention-to-treat analysis of 140 participants with follow-up data at week 16 and multiple imputations when data were missing in single measurement instruments