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Table 1 Distribution of sample characteristics according to diabetes mellitus

From: Increased dementia risk predominantly in diabetes mellitus rather than in hypertension or hyperlipidemia: a population-based cohort study

  Diabetes mellitus p valuea
Yes
(n = 10316)
No
(n = 41264)
 
Age (years), mean (SD) 53.00 (12.59) 53.00 (12.59) 1.000
Sex, n (%)    1.000
 Male 5472 (53) 21888 (53)  
 Female 4844 (47) 19376 (47)  
Coronary heart disease, n (%)    <0.001
 Yes 592 (5.7) 819 (2)  
 No 9724 (94.3) 40445 (98)  
Stroke, n (%)    <0.001
 Yes 356 (3.5) 519 (1.3)  
 No 9960 (96.5) 40745 (98.7)  
Kidney disease, n (%)    <0.001
 Yes 444 (4.3) 455 (1.1)  
 No 9872 (95.7) 40809 (98.9)  
Atrial fibrillation, n (%)    <0.001
 Yes 39 (0.4) 52 (0.1)  
 No 10277 (99.6) 41212 (99.9)  
Depression, n (%)    <0.001
 Yes 181 (1.8) 361 (0.9)  
 No 10135 (98.2) 40903 (99.1)  
Anxiety, n (%)    <0.001
 Yes 411 (4) 649 (1.6)  
 No 9905 (96) 40615 (98.4)  
Heart failure, n (%)    <0.001
 Yes 134 (1.3) 132 (0.3)  
 No 10182 (98.7) 41132 (99.7)  
Alcoholism, n (%)    <0.001
 Yes 40 (0.4) 49 (0.1)  
 No 10276 (99.6) 41215 (99.9)  
COPD, n (%)    <0.001
 Yes 972 (9.4) 2357 (5.7)  
 No 9344 (90.6) 38907 (94.3)  
Obesity, n (%)    <0.001
 Yes 79 (0.8) 17 (0)  
 No 10237 (99.2) 41247 (100)  
Insurance amount, n (%)    <0.001
 <20000 NTD 7489 (72.6) 28545 (69.2)  
 20000–40000 NTD 1602 (15.5) 6949 (16.8)  
40000 NTD 1225 (11.9) 5770 (14)  
  1. COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, NTD New Taiwan Dollar, SD standard deviation
  2. aTested using the Mann–Whitney U test and the chi-square test