Spatial Working Memory (SWM)


Drug

Name of task

Mean ± SEM

p1 value

95 % CID (Lower, Upper)

Cohen’s d for p1 Value

p2 Value

95 % CID (Lower, Upper)

Cohen’s d for p2 Value


Baseline

After 7 Days


OME

SWM BE

15.800 ± 3.123

29.500 ± 4.465

0.002**

−21.794, 5.606

2.553^{ǂ}

0.111

−6.717, 26.917

0.595

SWM Strategy

32.500 ± 0.703

34.900 ± 0.924

0.012*

−4.401, 0.399

1.809^{ǂ}

0.385

−4.038, 3.038

0.140

LAN

SWM BE

29.100 ± 5.664

34.900 ± 6.781

0.153

−17.906, 6.306

0.723

0.060

−4.444, 35.444

0.769

SWM Strategy

34.700 ± 0.895

37.700 ± 0.967

0.001***

−4.720, 1.280

2.631^{ǂ}

0.097

−1.288, 5.888

0.635

RAB

SWM BE

22.500 ± 5.119

32.200 ± 7.360

0.016*

−18.429, 0.971

1.676^{ǂ}

0.106

−8.031, 33.631

0.608

SWM Strategy

34.100 ± 1.215

36.500 ± 1.607

0.022*

−4.717, 0.083

1.562^{ǂ}

0.306

−3.389, 5.589

0.243

PAN

SWM BE

21.600 ± 4.766

31.500 ± 6.114

0.095

−25.730, 5.930

0.943^{ǂ}

0.098

−6.869, 31.069

0.632

SWM Strategy

33.400 ± 1.056

36.100 ± 1.027

0.010**

−4.861, 0.539

1.885^{ǂ}

0.346

−2.961, 4.361

0.189

ESO

SWM BE

24.900 ± 4.451

28.800 ± 6.141

0.244

−16.126, 8.326

0.481

0.165

−9.606, 28.406

0.489

SWM Strategy

33.500 ± 0.719

35.200 ± 0.940

0.035*

−3.579, 0.179

1.365^{ǂ}

0.453

−3.757, 3.357

0.055

CON

SWM BE

19.400 ± 4.492

19.400 ± 6.644

0.500

−11.406, 11.406

N/A

SWM Strategy

34.400 ± 1.046

35.400 ± 1.408

0.118

−2.784, 0.784

N/A

 Values are expressed as mean ± SEM (n=10), BE=Between Errors, 95 % CID=95 % Confidence Interval of the Difference (lower, upper), p1= p value found after PairedSamples ttest within volunteers (five test groups) before and after consuming drugs and placebo (one control group) respectively with degree of freedom (df)=9; p2= p value found after IndependentSamples ttest between each five test groups with control group having degree of freedom (df)=18. *, ** and *** indicate statistically significant at alpha (<0.05), (<0.01) & (<0.001) respectively. ^{ǂ} indicates large effect size in Cohen’s d value