Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic and behavioral data

From: Verbal and non-verbal memory and hippocampal volumes in a memory clinic population

  Entire sample aMCI naMCI AD Normal memory
(N = 226) (N = 86) (N = 13) (N = 34) (N = 25)
Age (yrs)a 67.7 (9.1) 67.8 (8.4) 67.7 (6.6) 71.2 (9.8) 63.6 (5.8)
Sex (% female) 57.1 59.8 53.8 58.8 56.0
Education (yrs) 14.5 (2.9) 14.8 (2.7) 13.7 (2.4) 14.7 (3.1) 15.5 (2.9)
Handedness (% right) 89.8 85.4 92.3 91.2 88.0
HVLT-R Learningb 17.2 (6.6) 16.3 (5.3) 21.3 (4.8) 11.7 (4.1) 25.5 (3.3)
HVLT-R Recallc 3.9 (3.8) 2.5 (2.8) 7.2 (2.1) 1.0 (1.7) 9.6 (1.6)
BVMT-R Learningd 11.4 (7.8) 9.7 (5.8) 18.9 (6.4) 5.5 (3.7) 22.0 (4.4)
BVMT-R Recalle 4.1 (3.5) 3.3 (2.9) 7.7 (2.5) 1.5 (1.8) 8.8 (1.9)
R Hippocampus (cm3)f 3.7 (0.6) 3.7 (0.6) 4.0 (0.4) 3.3 (0.6) 4.1 (0.4)
L Hippocampus (cm3)g 3.5 (0.5) 3.5 (0.5) 3.6 (0.4) 3.1 (0.5) 3.8 (0.4)
  1. Values represent means unless otherwise indicated. Standard deviations presented in parentheses
  2. aMCI Mild Cognitive Impairment, amnestic type, naMCI Mild Cognitive Impairment, non-amnestic type, AD Alzheimer’s disease, HVLT-R Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised, raw score, BVMT-R Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised, raw score
  3. aAD > Normal Memory (p < .005).
  4. bNormal Memory > non-amnestic MCI > amnestic MCI > AD
  5. cNormal Memory > non-amnestic MCI > amnestic MCI > AD
  6. dNormal Memory = non-amnestic MCI > amnestic MCI > AD
  7. eNormal Memory = non-amnestic MCI > amnestic MCI > AD
  8. fNormal Memory = non-amnestic MCI > amnestic MCI > AD
  9. gNormal Memory > amnestic MCI = non-amnestic MCI > AD