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Table 3 Logistic regression models examining odds of death over 3 and 6 years

From: Cumulative impact of health deficits, social vulnerabilities, and protective factors on cognitive dynamics in late life: a multistate modeling approach

  Model 1 frailty index Model 2 social vulnerability index Model 3 protective factors index Model 4 all indices
Wave 1 to wave 2     
Baseline cognitive state 1.09 (1.05,1.12) 1.10 (1.07, 1.14) 1.08 (1.05, 1.11) 1.06 (1.03, 1.10)
Age 1.09 (1.06,1.12) 1.08 (1.06, 1.11) 1.09 (1.06, 1.12) 1.08 (1.05, 1.12)
Years of education 1.02 (0.975, 1.06)* 1.04 (1.00, 1.08)* 1.03 (0.99, 1.08)* 1.03 (0.99, 1.08)*
Frailty 1.71 (1.51, 1.95)    1.71 (1.50, 1.95)
Social vulnerability   1.15 (1.06, 1.26)   1.06 (0.97, 1.17)*
Protective factors    0.77 (0.69, 0.86) 0.77 (0.68, 0.87)
Model fit statistics     
−2log likelihood 1,771.41 2,000.19 1,876.42 1,732.20
Wave 1 to wave 3     
Baseline cognitive state 1.09 (1.06, 1.13) 1.11 (1.08, 1.14) 1.10 (1.07, 1.12) 1.08 (1.04, 1.11)
Age 1.12 (1.09, 1.14) 1.11 (1.09, 1.13) 1.12 (1.09, 1.14) 1.11 (1.09, 1.13)
Years of education 1.02 (0.99, 1.05)* 1.04 (1.01, 1.07) 1.05 (1.02, 1.08) 1.04 (1.00, 1.07)*
Frailty 1.73 (1.57, 1.92)    1.71 (1.54, 1.89)
Social vulnerability   1.21 (1.13, 1.29)   1.13 (1.05, 1.21)
Protective Factors    0.79 (0.73, 0.86) 0.81 (0.74, 0.89)
Model fit statistics     
−2log likelihood 3,031.24 3,333.43 3,168.75 2,980.07
  1. Values are shown as odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) except for –2log likelihood. *Not significant at P = 0.05 level.