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Table 3 Odds ratios for occurrence of neuropsychiatric symptoms among borderline/normal compared with low-testosterone groups a

From: Total testosterone and neuropsychiatric symptoms in elderly men with Alzheimer’s disease

NPS Odds ratio 95% confidence interval P -value
Hallucinations 13.03 1.588 to 106.954 0.003*
Aberrant motor behavior 2.94 1.191 to 7.841 0.024*
Irritability 2.77 1.148 to 6.681 0.019*
Anxiety 1.24 0.552 to 2.986 0.374
Disinhibition 1.82 0.779 to 4.271 0.119
Delusions 3.87 1.137 to 13.177 0.022*
Agitation 1.83 0.779 to 4.271 0.119
Depression 1.26 0.532 to 2.986 0.380
Apathy 1.17 0.493 to 2.767 0.447
Elation 1.03 0.275 to 3.833 0.616
Appetite 1.52 0.645 to 3.585 0.229
Nighttime 1.16 0.496 to 2.703 0.451
  1. aNPS, Neuropsychiatric symptoms. *Significant at P < 0.05.