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Table 1 Variables used to construct the indices by sex, in relation to mortality and dementia outcomes

From: Age-related deficit accumulation and the risk of late-life dementia

Variable Men Women
Problem absent (value = 0) Problem present (value = 1) Problem absent (value = 0) Problem present (value = 1)
N Die (%) Dement (%) N Die (%) Dement (%) N Die (%) Dement (%) N Die (%) Dement (%)
How is your health these days? (1 = not too good to very poor; 0 = very good or pretty good) 2,819 44.1 7.4 75 70.7 4.0 4,222 32.7 9.2 107 61.7 4.7
How good is your eyesight? (1 = poor or unable to see; 0 = excellent, good, or fair) 2,776 43.9 7.3 125 64.0 8.0 3,996 31.7 8.8 339 53.1 11.8
How good is your hearing? (1 = poor or unable to hear; 0 = excellent, good, or fair) 2,750 44.4 7.1 152 51.3 12.5 4,153 32.5 9.1 183 54.6 9.3
Dentures fit to your satisfaction? (1 = no; 0 = yes) 2,551 44.5 7.3 345 46.7 8.1 3,741 32.4 9.2 581 40.1 8.1
Arthritis or rheumatism? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 1,543 44.0 7.3 1,355 45.5 7.5 1,591 31.2 9.3 2739 34.7 8.9
Eye trouble? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,259 41.4 7.4 640 56.6 7.2 2,861 29.3 8.1 1470 41.4 10.8
Ear trouble? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,021 41.8 6.7 880 51.7 8.9 3,245 31.0 8.7 1087 40.8 10.0
Trouble with your stomach? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,313 43.6 7.3 587 49.4 7.5 3,091 31.7 9.5 1241 37.8 8.0
Kidney trouble? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,633 43.4 7.7 266 58.3 4.5 3,823 32.0 9.3 506 44.5 7.7
Lose control of your bladder? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,669 43.5 7.5 226 60.2 6.2 3,524 31.6 9.3 804 41.4 8.3
Lose control of your bowels? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,810 44.3 7.3 89 57.3 9.0 4,114 32.8 9.1 216 44.9 7.9
Trouble with your feet or ankles? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,204 41.2 7.3 694 56.1 7.6 2,714 30.4 8.3 1613 38.7 10.4
Nose stuffed up or sneezing? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,453 43.6 7.1 446 51.3 9.0 3,607 32.7 8.8 724 37.2 10.4
Any fractures? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,787 44.6 7.4 109 50.5 7.3 4,027 32.9 9.1 299 40.5 9.0
Chest problems? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,345 41.2 7.8 555 59.8 5.8 3,660 31.4 9.5 671 44.6 6.4
Have you had a cough? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,541 43.0 7.6 359 57.1 5.8 3,798 32.8 9.1 534 38.2 8.8
Skin problems? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,356 44.6 7.1 539 45.8 8.3 3,541 32.8 8.9 790 36.1 9.9
Dental problems? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,335 43.9 7.3 555 49.0 7.7 3,483 33.1 9.2 839 34.8 8.7
Have you had any other problem? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,241 43.9 7.1 636 48.3 8.3 3,290 33.0 9.2 1025 34.9 8.3
High blood pressure? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,090 42.9 7.6 803 49.7 6.6 2,632 31.2 9.3 1694 37.0 8.7
Heart and circulation problems? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,034 39.1 7.5 864 58.0 7.1 3,008 28.4 9.4 1319 45.1 8.3
Stroke or effects of stroke? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,757 43.9 7.3 142 63.4 7.7 4,174 32.8 8.9 152 50.7 12.5
Diabetes? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,598 43.2 7.4 301 58.1 7.6 3,930 31.9 8.1 395 47.8 9.2
Do you live here alone? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,393 43.0 7.3 509 52.8 7.9 2,245 28.8 8.1 2092 38.4 10.1
Can you eat? (1 = can’t do at all or with some help; 0 = without any help) 2,890 44.6 7.4 11 90.9 0.0 4,317 33.3 9.0 18 72.2 16.7
Can you dress and undress yourself? (1 = can’t do at all or with some help; 0 = without any help) 2,848 44.1 7.3 52 78.8 13.5 4,284 33.1 9.1 52 61.5 3.8
Can you take care of your appearance? (1 = can’t do at all or with some help; 0 = without any help) 2,884 44.6 7.3 16 75.0 18.8 4,283 33.1 9.0 51 58.8 17.6
Can you walk? (1 = can’t do at all or with some help; 0 = without any help) 2,827 43.7 7.4 74 85.1 6.8 4,080 31.3 8.9 255 67.5 11.4
Can you get in and out of bed? (1 = can’t do at all or with some help; 0 = without any help) 2,879 44.6 7.4 22 72.7 9.1 4,298 33.2 9.0 37 54.1 18.9
Can you take a bath or shower? (1 = can’t do at all or with some help; 0 = without any help) 2,744 43.0 7.4 157 76.4 6.4 3,798 30.4 8.7 537 54.9 11.9
Can you go to the bathroom? (1 = can’t do at all or with some help; 0 = without any help) 2,878 44.6 7.3 21 76.2 14.3 4,287 33.3 9.1 48 43.8 8.3
Can you use the telephone? (1 = can’t do at all or with some help; 0 = without any help) 2,802 44.2 7.2 100 60.0 13.0 4,197 32.7 9.0 138 56.5 10.9
Can you get to place out of walking distance? (1 = can’t do at all or with some help; 0 = without any help) 2,795 43.4 7.3 107 79.4 9.3 3,787 29.7 8.8 546 59.2 10.8
Can you go shopping? (1 = can’t do at all or with some help; 0 = without help) 2,718 42.7 7.2 182 75.8 9.3 3,543 28.0 8.4 790 57.8 12.2
Can you prepare your own meals? (1 = can’t do at all or with some help; 0 = without any help) 2,677 43.2 7.2 223 63.7 8.5 4,063 31.4 8.7 269 63.2 14.9
Can you do your housework? (1 = can’t do at all or with some help; 0 = without any help) 2,370 39.9 7.0 527 66.6 8.9 2,868 25.3 7.7 1463 49.4 11.7
Can you take your own medicine? (1 = can’t do at all or with some help; 0 = without any help) 2,842 44.2 7.2 54 74.1 14.8 4,243 32.7 9.0 85 69.4 10.6
Can you handle your own money? (1 = can’t do at all or with some help; 0 = without any help) 2,830 44.1 7.3 72 72.2 8.3 4,153 32.3 8.8 180 60.0 15.0
Have you been feeling tired? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,546 42.3 7.6 353 62.0 5.9 3,502 30.9 8.8 828 44.2 10.4
How is language ability? (1 = with difficulties; 0 = fluent) 2,835 44.6 7.4 64 50.0 4.7 4,287 33.5 9.1 48 29.2 8.3
Trouble with your nerves? (1 = yes; 0 = no) 2,565 44.3 7.1 335 48.7 9.6 3,391 32.8 8.9 933 36.0 9.5
Troubles prevent normal activities? (1 = a little or a great deal; 0 = not at all) 1,500 34.7 7.5 1,398 55.4 7.2 2,074 24.7 9.1 2255 41.4 9.1