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Figure 1 | Alzheimer's Research & Therapy

Figure 1

From: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy in the aetiology and immunotherapy of Alzheimer disease

Figure 1

Cerebral amyloid angiopathy in Alzheimer disease. (a) Small leptomeningeal arteries (SLAs) on the surface of the cerebral cortex show dense deposits of amyloid-beta (Aβ) in their walls, whereas the medium-sized arteries (MLAs) show a more dispersed pattern of deposition of Aβ. A cortical artery with cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CxA) is surrounded by plaques of Aβ in the brain parenchyma (pan-Aβ immunohistochemistry). (b) Branch of a leptomeningeal artery entering the cerebral cortex. Amyloid (red) is in the basement membranes (as outlined by collagen IV staining [5]) surrounding smooth muscle cells [4] (dark spaces) in the tunica media (confocal microscopy of Congo red stained preparation). Scale bars = 100 μm (a) and 50 μm (b).

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